Презентация на тему Multivariable process control system

Презентация на тему Презентация на тему Multivariable process control system, предмет презентации: Разное. Этот материал содержит 49 слайдов. Красочные слайды и илюстрации помогут Вам заинтересовать свою аудиторию. Для просмотра воспользуйтесь проигрывателем, если материал оказался полезным для Вас - поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте наш сайт презентаций ThePresentation.ru в закладки!

Слайды и текст этой презентации

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Before the lecture


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Multivariable Process Control System (Flow, Level, Temperature, Pressure) Volume 1/2

Made by: Sharafatdin Yessirkepov
Checked by: Karl Marx


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Plan Part 1. Introduction to FLTP Part 2. Main Units of the trainer Part 3. Control Units Part 4. Control Techniques Part 5. Conclusion Part 6 Self-Test (No cheating) Part 7. Lab work


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Introduction How do we control the tank in the field without the manual control? Do we often open the tank and measure the flow rates, Pressures and fluid level by hand in winter ? We are tired by doing so. Let’s overcome the problem.


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Introduction It is difficult to control the liquid vessel manually because it is time consuming and requires too much physical work


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Introduction (Cont’d) Therefore, the Process Control System is helpful by controlling the unit parameters even at a high distance automatically.

Plant

Room







2 kilometers

Winter Outside Temperature: -35C


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Introduction Cont’d Multivariable Process Control System can control the flow rate, level, Pressure and Temperature of the fluid inside the vessel


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External Process Unit FLTP-U/EV

Basic panel


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1) Main Units of the trainer FLTP 1)Power supply unit mod. FLTP-A/EV 2) Module for temperature control mod. FLTP-B/EV 3) Module for level and flow-rate control mod. FLTP-C/EV 4) Module for pressure control mod. FLTP-D/EV 5) Process units mod. FLTP-U/EV


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1.1 Power Supply Unit (FLTP-A/EV) Consists of 5 windows

1st window has 4 potentiometers of the process variables (Level, Flow rate, Temperature and Pressure)

2nd 3rd and 4th windows are the switches of the other units (Temperature, Level and Pressure).
5th window works with the pump


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1.2 Module for temperature control mod. FLTP-B/EV

Has Conditioner on the left side
Has Amplifier on the right side
Temperature unit requires these voltages:
-12V; 0V; +12V and 48V


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Question

Which kind of thermocouples do you know?


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http://digital.ni.com/public.nsf/allkb/29FC44A9C662D80186256B02008387CF

For FLTP Conditioner

Thermocouple J
STT – Smart Temp. Transmitter
NTC – Negative Temperature Coefficient Thermistor
Pt100 with more accuracy




1.2.1 Types of thermal sensors

In general


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1.2.1 Module for temperature control mod. FLTP-B/EV

Has Conditioner on the left side and deals with thermocouples.
Conditioner has 5 inputs and 1 output


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Question.

What is amplifier?


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1.2.2 Amplifier (Brief explanation)

Amplifier – modulates the output stronger than input signal
For example:
Input voltage is 3V and output is 5V after amplification
Has 1 input and 1 output signal to the heating resistor


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1.3. Flow Rate- Level Control (FLTP-C/EV)

Has 2 conditioners, 1 amplifier and 2 controllers
Flow rates deal with the top window
Level measurements are at the bottom
Has the voltage requirements:
-12V; 0V; +12V and 48V





Retrieved from: MULTIVARIABLE PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEM (Flow, Level, Temperature, Pressure) mod. FLTP/EV, TEACHER/STUDENT manual, Electronica Veneta


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1.3.1 Flow Rate Control

Measures the flow rate with a paddle wheel
Unit : l/min
Has 2 inputs and 1 Output
Has a switch


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1.3.2 Level Control

Shows the level of the tank
Measured with piezometric sensor


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1.4 Pressure Unit (FLTP-D/EV)

Has signal conditioner and amplifier
Pressure is measured in bars.
Has 1 input and 1 output controlled with the PVD valve
Managed with the pump


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

Has plexiglass panel
Has 3 tanks:
1) 25litres stainless steel at the bottom;
2) 5liters vertical plexiglass;
3) 1litre vertical steel tank
Has a recirculation pump
Manual Control Valves
Water Heater with Resistor
2 Proportional Valves
2Pressure gauges
On/ Off Solenoid Valve
Process variable Sensors
1 glass mercury thermometer



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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

Piezometric Level Sensor


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

Thermostat (0-50C)


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

On/ Off Exhaust Solenoid Valve


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

Pressure Switch


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

PVC Proportional Valve


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

Paddle Wheel Flow meter


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Paddle wheel flow measurement

Has a magnet in one of the paddles
Hall effect is represented by magnetic vibration as the wheel rotates quickly
Q = Number of pulse(litre)/ time(sec)


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

PVD Proportional Valve


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

Temperature Sensors


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1.5. External Unit (FLTP-U/EV)

PVC Proportional Valve

PVD Proportional Valve

Pressure Switch

Thermostat (0-50C)

Piezometric Level Sensor

On/ Off Exhaust Solenoid Valve

Temperature Sensors

Paddle Wheel Flow meter

1)____________


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9____________________

8_____________________

11________________

6)_________________

2)______________________

5___________________________

10______________________

1)____________

3)_________________

4)____________

7_____________________

12________________


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Valves

Positive crankcase ventilation (PVC) is used to limit the pressure or flow rate
PVD Power valve Double acting
Solenoid Valve






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1.5 Work Principle of External Unit.

Liquid is kept in the metal vessel
pump injects the liquid from vessel into the plexiglass tank through lines.
Liquid Pressures, flow rates and level are measured when the pump works
Heater warms up the liquid
Temperatures are measured with thermal snesors on the metal vessel
Valves help control the pressures and flow rates


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2. Control Units

PLC Trainer
Industrial PID
Control Card


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2.1 PLC Trainer (PLC-5A/EV) Учебная панель

Has 16 digital inputs
14 digital outputs
4 Analog Inputs
1 Analog Output
Connects to the touch screen


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2.2 PID Controller

Has inputs
Outputs


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Control Card (MFI-U/EV)

Has 8Digital Inputs;
8Digital Outputs
16 Analog inputs
2 Analog Outputs


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3 Control Techniques


PID Control

Amplifier

Heater

Transducer

Signal Conditioner

Set-Point


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Question. Is it open loop or closed loop control?


PID Control

Amplifier

Heater

Transducer

Signal Conditioner

Set-Point

Feedback


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Answer: It is closed loop control because of PID Control and feedback


PID Control

Amplifier

Heater

Transducer

Signal Conditioner

Set-Point

Feedback


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Open Loop Control

Signal Conditioner


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Question

What are the transducers?


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3 Transducers

Converter from physical variable to the electrical variable.
Example: Pressure at 4 bars is converted to voltage at
7 Volts
The transducer shows mostly the linear function
Cannot be formed without the conditioner

transducer

Physical variable

Electrical variable


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Question

What is the Conditioner?


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Conditioner

Converter from undesirable electrical variable into suitable electrical variable
Always comes with transducer

Signal Conditioner

Electrical variable

Electrical variable


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Temperature Control


PID Control

Amplifier

Heater

Transducer

Signal Conditioner

Set-Point

PV


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Pressure Control


PID Control

Amplifier

Pump

Transducer

Signal Conditioner

Set-Point

PV


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Summary

Process Control System requires the control techniques, such as Amplifier, Conditioner, transducer and Heater or pump in the lab
Without the Conditioner, transducer does not work
Circulated control system makes closed loop control with PID technique, while open loop control misses PID control


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