Космология и философия сознания презентация


Философия сознания и Космология Космология Философия сознания Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their

Слайд 1Космология и Философия сознания
Николай Мазурок

Слайд 2Философия сознания и Космология
Философия сознания
Philosophy of mind is a branch of

philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of"), is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.

Слайд 3Космология
Physical cosmology is the scholarly and scientific study of the origin,

evolution, large-scale structures and dynamics, and ultimate fate of the universe, as well as the scientific laws that govern these realities.

Mythological cosmology is a body of beliefs based on mythological, religious, and esoteric literature and traditions of creation and eschatology.

Слайд 4Философия сознания
Сознание и Мозг

Коррелят сознания

The mind-body problem, i.e. the relationship of

the mind to the body, is commonly seen as one key issue in philosophy of mind, although there are other issues concerning the nature of the mind that do not involve its relation to the physical body, such as how consciousness is possible and the nature of particular mental states.

Слайд 5Основной вопрос философии
Фридрих Энгельс
“Людвиг Фейербах и конец классической немецкой философии”

Слайд 6Основной вопрос философии

Слайд 7Основной вопрос философии
Онтологическая и Гносеологическая стороны

Слайд 8Физическая космология
Physical cosmology is studied by scientists, such as astronomers and

physicists, as well as philosophers, such as metaphysicians, philosophers of physics, and philosophers of space and time.
Because of this shared scope with philosophy, theories in physical cosmology may include both scientific and non-scientific propositions, and may depend upon assumptions that can not be tested.
Cosmology differs from astronomy in that the former is concerned with the Universe as a whole while the latter deals with individual celestial objects.

Слайд 9Мифологическая космология
Cosmology deals with the world as the totality of space,

time and all phenomena. Historically, it has had quite a broad scope, and in many cases was founded in religion. The ancient Greeks did not draw a distinction between this use and their model for the cosmos.

Слайд 10Метафизическая космология
Metaphysical cosmology addresses questions about the Universe which are beyond

the scope of science. It is distinguished from religious cosmology in that it approaches these questions using philosophical methods like dialectics.

Слайд 11Метафизическая космология
Modern metaphysical cosmology tries to address questions such as:

What is the origin of the Universe? What is its first cause? Is its existence necessary?
2) What are the ultimate material components of the Universe?
3) What is the ultimate reason for the existence of the Universe? Does the cosmos have a purpose?
4) Does the existence of consciousness have a purpose? How do we know what we know about the totality of the cosmos? Does cosmological reasoning reveal metaphysical truths?

Слайд 12Космологические теории
Теория Большого Взрыва (Big bang)
Modern physical cosmology is dominated by

the Big Bang theory, which attempts to bring together observational astronomy and particle physics; more specifically, a standard parameterization of the Big Bang with dark matter and dark energy, known as the Lambda-CDM model.

Слайд 13Космологические теории
Инфляционная теория
Modern physical cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang

theory, which attempts to bring together observational astronomy and particle physics; more specifically, a standard parameterization of the Big Bang with dark matter and dark energy, known as the Lambda-CDM model.

Слайд 14Большая история (Big History)
Космическая эволюция
Big History is an emerging academic discipline

which examines history from the Big Bang to the present. It examines long time frames using a multidisciplinary approach based on combining numerous disciplines from science and the humanities, and explores human existence in the context of this bigger picture. It integrates studies of the cosmos, Earth, life, and humanity using empirical evidence to explore cause-and-effect relations.

Слайд 15Редукционизм и Холизм
Methodological reductionism is the scientific attempt to provide explanation

in terms of ever smaller entities

Holism is the idea that systems (physical, biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic, etc.) and their properties should be viewed as wholes, not as collection of parts.

Слайд 16Жизнь в других мирах

Слайд 17“Ксено” науки
Xenopsychology is it even real?
Xenobiology is a subfield of synthetic

biology, the study of synthesizing and manipulating biological devices and systems. Xenobiology describes a form of biology that is not (yet) familiar to science and not found in nature.

Слайд 18Ксенопсихология
Статья Роберта Фрейтаса “Ксенопсихология”
Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Xenopsychology,” Analog Science Fiction/Science Fact,

Vol. 104, April 1984, pp 41-53

This paper is the first known published reference to the “Sentience Quotient” invented by Robert A. Freitas Jr., which first defined the computational density of sentient matter along a wide spectrum spanning 120 orders of magnitude, as defined by universal physical constants. The concept was first created ca/ 1977-78 and was described in Freitas’ privately circulated but then unpublished Xenology (1979) manuscript.

Слайд 19Ксенопсихология Xenopsychology
Intelligence on Earth
Extraterrestrial Sociobiology
Universal Emotions?
Alien Logic, Time, and Space
Sentience Quotient


Слайд 20Разум на Земле (Intelligence on Earth)
Evolution of nervous systems

Слайд 21Внеземная социобиология (Extraterrestrial Sociobiology)
P. Murdock’s study of cultural universals:   
Age-grading, athletic sports,

bodily adornment, calendar, cleanliness training, community organizations, cooking, cooperative labor, cosmology, courtship, dancing, decorative art. divination, division of labor, dream interpretation, education, eschatology, ethics, ethnobotany, etiquette, faith healing. family feasting, firemaking, folklore, food taboos, funeral rites, games, gestures, gift giving, government, greetings, hairstyles, hospitality, housing, hygiene, incest taboos, inheritance rules, joking, kin groups, kinship nomenclature, language, law, luck superstitions, magic,. marriage, mealtimes, medicine, obstetrics, penal sanctions, personal names, population policy, postnatal care, pregnancy usages, property rights, propitiation of supernatural beings, puberty customs, religious rituals, residence rules, sexual restrictions, soul concepts, status differentiation, surgery, toolmaking, trade, visiting, weaving, and weather control.

Edward O. Wilson’s alien culture:

Age-grading, antennal rites, body licking, calendar, cannibalism, caste determinism, caste laws, colony-foundation rules, colony organization, cleanliness training, communal nurseries, cooperative labor, cosmology, courtship, division of labor, drone control, education, eschatology, ethics, etiquette, euthanasia, firemaking, food taboos, gift-giving, government, greetings, grooming rituals, hospitality, hosing, hygiene, incest taboos, language, larval care, law, medicine, metamorphosis rites, mutual regurgitation, nursing castes, nuptial flights, nutrient eggs, population policy, queen obeisance, residence rules, sex determination, solder castes, sisterhoods, status differentiation, sterile workers, surgery, symbiont care, toolmaking, trade, visiting, weather control . . . and still other activities so alien as to make mere description by our language difficult.

Слайд 22Всеобщие эмоции (Universal Emotions)
(1) Perception and appraisal (external stimulus is perceived

and judged good, bad, useful. harmful, etc., mostly based on learned associations);
(2) Emotion (internal state of arousal or "feeling" arises, involving physiological effects); then
(3) Action (specific behavior such as approach, avoidance, attack, or feeding, depending on emotional intensity, learned behavioral patterns, and other motivations simultaneously present). In this view emotion is an internal state, not a behavior or a perception of external reality.

Arnold's theory emotional experience proceeds in three steps:

Слайд 23Чужые логика, время и пространство (Alien Logic, Time, and Space)

Слайд 24Коэффициент разумности (Sentience Quotient (SQ)
Bremermann's Limit, named after Hans-Joachim Bremermann, is the

maximum computational speed of a self-contained system in the material universe. It is derived from Einstein's mass-energy equivalency and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, and is c2/h ≈ 1.36 × 1050 bits per second per kilogram.[1][2] This value is important when designing cryptographic algorithms, as it can be used to determine the minimum size of encryption keys or hash values required to create an algorithm that could never be cracked by a brute-force search.

Преде́л Бремерма́нна, названный в честь Ханса-Йоахима Бремермана — максимальная скорость вычислений автономной системы в материальной вселенной. Выводится из эйнштейновской эквивалентности массы-энергии и соотношений неопределённости Гейзенберга и составляет c2/h ≈ 1,36 × 1050 бит в секунду на килограмм. Эта величина играет важную роль при разработке криптографических алгоритмов, поскольку позволяет определить минимальный размер ключей шифрования или хеш-значений, необходимых для создания алгоритма шифрования, который не может быть взломан путём подбора.

Слайд 25Шутка ли?
Летающие тарелки как феномен психологии уже давно изучены

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