Презентация на тему Grammar and vocabulary verbals

VERBALS (неличные формы глагола) The Infinitive The Gerund The Participle

Слайд 1GRAMMAR &


VERBALS (неличные формы глагола)

Слайд 2VERBALS (неличные формы глагола)
The Infinitive
The Gerund
The Participle

Слайд 3VERBALS (неличные формы глагола)
The Infinitive
“To be or not to be, that

is the question”.

The Gerund
“The best part of living is loving & giving”

The Participle
“Lose an hour in the morning, and you will spend all day looking for it”
“Lost time is never found again”

Слайд 4VERBALS (неличные формы глагола)
The Infinitive
e.g. Alison likes to read.
The Gerund
e.g. Alison

likes reading.

The Participle
e.g. The girl reading a book is Alison.
The book read by Alison is very
Having read the book, Alison went for
a walk.

Слайд 5Герундий The Gerund
Герундий – это неличная форма глагола, имеющая грамматические особенности как

глагола, так и существительного и всегда выражающая действие как ПРОЦЕСС.
e.g. I enjoy reading.

Слайд 6The Gerund is used:
As a noun

e.g. Swimming keeps you fit.

Слайд 7The Gerund is used:
After: love, like, enjoy,
dislike, hate, prefer

general preference.

e.g. She likes going for long walks.

Слайд 8The Gerund is used:
After go for activities:
e.g. They often go climbing

at the weekends.

Слайд 9The Gerund is used:
After prepositions:
e.g. He left without saying goodbye.

Слайд 10The Gerund is used:
The Gerund is used:
After certain verbs:
admit, avoid,

deny, fancy, imagine,
involve, look forward to,
mind, mention, regret,
risk, spend, suggest, etc.
e.g. Jessica spent all day shopping.

Слайд 11The Gerund is used:
The Gerund is used:
After: be busy, it’s no

use/good, it’s (not) worth, what’s the use of…?, can’t help, there’s no point (in), can’t stand, have difficulty (in), have trouble, have a hard/difficult time,be/get used to,
e.g. It’s no use waiting for the bus. It won’t come.

Слайд 12The Gerund is used:
After the verbs: see, hear, feel, watch, listen

to, notice to describe an incomplete action, that is to say that smb. saw, heard, etc. only a part of the action.
e.g. I heard Jack talking on the phone.
(= I heard Jack while he was talking on the phone. I heard part of the action in progress. I didn’t listen to the whole conversation.)
e.g. I heard Jack talk on the phone. (= I heard the whole conversation from beginning to end).

Слайд 13The Infinitive

the to infinitive

e.g. I hope to see you soon.

the bare


e.g. He can’t help you.

Слайд 14The to infinitive is used:
To express purpose –
e.g. She

went to the bank to get some money.
After certain verbs (advise, agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, manage, offer, promise, refuse, seem, want, afford, pretend, etc.) –
e.g. He advised me to apply for the job.

Слайд 15The to infinitive is used:
after verbs such as know, decide, ask,

learn, want to know, remember, etc. when they are followed by question words (who, what, how, where, etc.). ‘Why’ is followed by a subject + V, not by an infinitive.
e.g. I can’t decide where to go.
I want to know why you have left the room.

Слайд 16The to infinitive is used:
After adjectives: nice, sorry, glad, happy, willing,

afraid, ashamed, etc.
e.g. He is glad to be back.
After too & enough
e.g. She is too shy to talk to the manager. We’ve got enough money to buy a new car.

Слайд 17The to infinitive is used:
After: it + be + adjective (+of

e.g. It was nice of him to help.
After: would like/ would love/ would prefer (to express specific preference)
e.g. I would like to learn a foreign language.
After: only to express an unsatisfactory result
e.g. He rushed to the back door only to discover that it was locked.

Слайд 18Оборот Complex Object (сложное дополнение)
e.g. I want to read this book.

I want you to read this book.

Complex Object is used after: want, would like, expect

Слайд 19The bare infinitive is used:
After modal verbs (may, should, can, must,

e.g. You must study hard.
After the verbs let, make, see, hear & feel
(см. Complex Object # )
be made/be heard/be seen + to-infinitive (passive)
e.g. He was made to pay for the damage.

Слайд 20The bare infinitive is used:
After had better, would rather

You had better sign the contract.
You would rather go home now.

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