Презентация на тему The Difference between International Law and National Law

Презентация на тему Презентация на тему The Difference between International Law and National Law, предмет презентации: Юриспруденция. Этот материал содержит 27 слайдов. Красочные слайды и илюстрации помогут Вам заинтересовать свою аудиторию. Для просмотра воспользуйтесь проигрывателем, если материал оказался полезным для Вас - поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте наш сайт презентаций ThePresentation.ru в закладки!

Слайды и текст этой презентации

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The Difference between International Law and National Law


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So, literally, “international law” is defined as “law between nations (States),” which stem from agreements, embodied in a treaty, or customs that is recognized by all nations. 

The definition of international law centers on the word “inter,” which means “between,” as opposed to “intra,” which means “within.”


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National law, which is often referred to as domestic law, are those laws that exist “within” a particular nation (State).


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Structure

1. (Traditional) theories
2. International law’s perspective on national law
3. National law’s perspective on international law


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Theories

Dualism and monism
• Capture some, but not all of multifaceted relationship between domestic and international law today
Dualism
• international and domestic legal order exist as two separated, distinct sets of legal orders
• Differences in: subjects, sources, content
• Requires ‘transformation’ of int. law into domestic law to make int. law binding on domestic authorities (incorporation) • States decide on modes of incorporation (how)
• National law has priority over int. law that has not been incorporated


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Theories

Monism (Kelsen)
Nat. law and int. law as one unitary, coherent system
Int. law at top of pyramid, (in)validating acts of domestic legal systems
In case of conflict, int. law prevails • No need for ‘transformation’ of int. law into domestic law
No strict distinction between subjects of nat. and int. law; role of individuals


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Monism Dualism


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According to Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice, sources of international law, in order of precedence, are: .

international conventions (treaties);
(b) international custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law;
(c) the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations;
(d) judicial decision and the teachings of the most highly qualified publicists of the various nations.


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Monism (Kelsen) • Nat. law and int. law as one unitary, coherent system • Int. law at top of pyramid, (in)validating acts of domestic legal systems • In case of conflict, int. law prevails • No need for ‘transformation’ of int. law into domestic law • No strict distinction between subjects of nat. and int. law; role of individuals


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Special international social relations governed by international law


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The subject of international law

Special international social relations governed by international law


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Sources of International Law


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International agreements



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International customs


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Some resolutions of international organizations



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General principles of law



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Decisions of international courts


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Unilateral statements by States


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