Презентация на тему Political_Correctness

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Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1Political Correctness

Political Correctness

Слайд 2
Language, or behavior, which is claimed to be calculated to provide

a minimum of offense, particularly to the racial, cultural, or other identity groups being described
Language, or behavior, which is claimed to be calculated to provide a

Слайд 3
Term “PC” is hotly contested
Identity politics (gay rights, feminism, multiculturalism, disability

rights)
“gender-neutral” job titles: lineworker vs lineman, chairperson vs chairman, differently abled vs disabled, Native American vs Indian
Term “PC” is hotly contestedIdentity politics (gay rights, feminism, multiculturalism, disability rights)“gender-neutral”

Слайд 4
Modern concept arose in 1970’s-80’s: socially acceptable for women and non-Caucasians

to pursue lifestyles that had been previously been held (nearly) exclusively by Caucasian men, such as senior management position within a large corporation.
Modern concept arose in 1970’s-80’s: socially acceptable for women and non-Caucasians to

Слайд 5
English language must change its male-centered nouns such as “chairman” to

more inclusive terms such as “chairperson”

English language must change its male-centered nouns such as “chairman” to more

Слайд 6
Using “person with a disability” or preferably “differently abled” in preference

to “handicapped” or “crippled”; “mentally ill” in preference to “crazy”
Using “person with a disability” or preferably “differently abled” in preference to

Слайд 7
Belief based on Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: language’s grammatical categories shape its speakers’

ideas and action
Belief based on Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: language’s grammatical categories shape its speakers’ ideas and action

Слайд 8
The objective was (and remains) to bring peoples’ unconscious biases into

awareness, allowing them to make more informed choices about their language and making them aware of things different people might find offensive
The objective was (and remains) to bring peoples’ unconscious biases into awareness,

Слайд 9Goal of changing language
Certain people have their rights, opportunities, or freedoms

restricted due to their categorization as members of a group with a derogatory stereotype
Goal of changing languageCertain people have their rights, opportunities, or freedoms restricted

Слайд 10Goal of changing language
This categorization is largely implicit and unconscious, and

is facilitated by the easy availability of labeling terminology
Goal of changing languageThis categorization is largely implicit and unconscious, and is

Слайд 11Goal of changing language
By making the labeling terminology problematic, people are

made to think consciously about how they describe someone
Goal of changing languageBy making the labeling terminology problematic, people are made

Слайд 12Goal of changing language
Once labeling is a conscious activity, individual merits

of a person, rather than their perceived membership in a group, become more apparent
Goal of changing languageOnce labeling is a conscious activity, individual merits of

Слайд 13
Language’s grammatical categories control its speakers’ possible thoughts
Ways in which we

see the world may be influenced by the kind of language we use
Sexist language promotes sexist thought
Language’s grammatical categories control its speakers’ possible thoughtsWays in which we see

Слайд 14
Members of identity groups sometime embrace terms that others seek to

change
Deaf culture has always considered the label “Deaf” as an affirming statement of group membership and not insulting
Members of identity groups sometime embrace terms that others seek to changeDeaf

Слайд 15
Term now substituted for term “deaf” is “hearing impaired”
Developed to include

people with hearing loss due to aging, accidents, and other causes
Considered highly derogatory by many deaf people
Term now substituted for term “deaf” is “hearing impaired”Developed to include people

Слайд 16
Term “Hard of Hearing” however, is considered an acceptable descriptive term

for a person who has limited to no hearing
Term “Hard of Hearing” however, is considered an acceptable descriptive term for

Слайд 17
New terms are often awkward
Substitutes for the original stark language concerning

differences such as race, gender, sexual orientation, disability, religion, and political views
New terms are often awkwardSubstitutes for the original stark language concerning differences

Слайд 18
Some argue that political correctness amounts to censorship and endangers free

speech
Politically correct terminology can be used to soften concepts that would be unacceptable in normal language
Some argue that political correctness amounts to censorship and endangers free speechPolitically

Слайд 19
Conservatives often view many politically correct terms as being linguistic cover

for an evasion of personal responsibility
“juvenile delinquents” become “children at risk”
“Illegal aliens” become “undocumented workers”
Conservatives often view many politically correct terms as being linguistic cover for

Слайд 20
Political correctness can often detect offensive language when there is none
“herstory”

instead of “history”

Political correctness can often detect offensive language when there is none“herstory” instead of “history”

Слайд 21
Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell
Newspeak
“bad” replaced by “ungood” and the

concept of “freedom” has been eliminated over time
Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell Newspeak“bad” replaced by “ungood” and the concept

Слайд 22
If humans cannot form the words to express the ideas underlying

a revolution, then they cannot revolt
If humans cannot form the words to express the ideas underlying a

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