Презентация на тему ISTP 2014 Equity, excellence and inclusiveness in education

Презентация на тему ISTP 2014 Equity, excellence and inclusiveness in education, предмет презентации: Образование. Этот материал содержит 65 слайдов. Красочные слайды и илюстрации помогут Вам заинтересовать свою аудиторию. Для просмотра воспользуйтесь проигрывателем, если материал оказался полезным для Вас - поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте наш сайт презентаций ThePresentation.ru в закладки!

Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1
Текст слайда:

ISTP 2014
Equity, excellence
and inclusiveness
in education

Wellington, 28 March
Andreas Schleicher



Слайд 2
Текст слайда:

Skills transform lives and drive economies

Odds ratio

Increased likelihood of positive outcomes for adults with higher literacy skills (scoring at PIAAC Level 4/5 compared with those scoring at Level 1 or below)


Слайд 3
Текст слайда:





Inequality in skills relates to
how wealth is shared in nations



Слайд 4
Текст слайда:






Literacy skills inequality (9th/1st decile)

Income inequality (Gini coefficient)

Low income inequality
Low skills inequality

High income inequality
Low skills inequality

High income inequality
High skills inequality

Low income inequality
High skills inequality

Average

Average

Inequality in skills relates to
how wealth is shared in nations


Слайд 5
Текст слайда:




The false choice between equity and excellence



The false choice between equity and excellence
Some evidence from PISA 2012


Слайд 6
Текст слайда:

PISA in brief


Over half a million students…
representing 28 million 15-year-olds in 65 countries/economies
… took an internationally agreed 2-hour test…
Goes beyond testing whether students can reproduce what they were taught…
… to assess students’ capacity to extrapolate from what they know and creatively apply their knowledge in novel situations
Mathematics, reading, science, problem-solving, financial literacy
Total of 390 minutes of assessment material
… and responded to questions on…
their personal background, their schools and their engagement with learning and school
Parents, principals and system leaders provided data on…
school policies, practices, resources and institutional factors that help explain performance differences .


Слайд 7
Текст слайда:


High mathematics performance

Low mathematics performance

… Shanghai-China performs above this line (613)

… 12 countries perform below this line




Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 8
Текст слайда:





Socially equitable
distribution of learning
opportunities

High mathematics performance

Low mathematics performance

Strong socio-economic
impact on student
performance



Слайд 9
Текст слайда:







2012

Socially equitable
distribution of learning
opportunities

Strong socio-economic
impact on student
performance


Слайд 10
Текст слайда:







2012

Socially equitable
distribution of learning
opportunities

Strong socio-economic
impact on student
performance


Слайд 11
Текст слайда:








Слайд 12
Текст слайда:

Contribution of various factors to upper secondary teacher compensation costs, per student as a percentage of GDP per capita (2004)

Percentage points






Слайд 13
Текст слайда:








Слайд 14
Текст слайда:
















Singapore

Shanghai

Singapore

2003 - 2012

Germany, Turkey and Mexico improved both their mathematics performance and equity levels

Brazil, Italy, Macao-China, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Thailand and Tunisia improved their mathematics performance (no change in equity)

Liechtenstein, Norway, the United States and Switzerland improved their equity levels (no change in performance)


Слайд 15
Текст слайда:




Fostering resilience


The country where students go to class matters more than what social class students come from



Слайд 16
Текст слайда:




PISA mathematics performance
by decile of social background



Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 17
Текст слайда:


Percentage of resilient students

More than 10% resilient

Between 5%-10% of resilient students

Less than 5%

Fig II.2.4


Socio-economically disadvantaged students not only score lower in mathematics, they also report lower levels of engagement, drive, motivation and self-beliefs. Resilient students break this link and share many characteristics of advantaged high-achievers.

A resilient student is situated in the bottom quarter of
the PISA index of economic, social and cultural
status (ESCS) in the country of assessment and
performs in the top quarter of students among all
countries, after accounting for socio-economic status.

Massachusetts

Connecticut

Florida


Слайд 18
Текст слайда:

2003

2003

2003

2012

2012

2012


Don’t close achievement gaps the wrong way Performance differences between top and bottom quarter of socio-economic distribution

Quarter of most disadvantaged students

PISA performance (mathematics)

Quarter of most privileged students

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 19
Текст слайда:




The rising demand for advanced skills



%

Evolution of employment in occupational groups defined by PIAAC problem-solving skills

Employment of workers with advanced problem-solving skills

Employment of workers with poor problem-solving skills

Employment of workers with medium-low problem-solving skills (PIAAC)

Source:PIAAC 2011


Слайд 20
Текст слайда:


Building excellence Percentage of top performers in mathematics

Tab I.2.1a

Across OECD, 13% of students are top performers (Level 5 or 6). They can develop and work with models for complex situations, and work strategically with advanced thinking and reasoning skills

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 21
Текст слайда:





Low impact on outcomes

High impact on outcomes

Low feasibility

High feasibility

Money pits

Must haves

Low hanging fruits

Quick wins

Excellence, Equity and Inclusiveness


Слайд 22
Текст слайда:





Low impact on outcomes

High impact on outcomes


Low feasibility

High feasibility

Money pits

Must haves

Low hanging fruits

Quick wins


Attract, nurture and retain high quality teachers for the schools in greatest need

Allocate resources equitably

Make high quality early-childhood education accessible

Encourage autonomy in the context of accountability

Avoid segregation and stratification

Use assessment and evaluation to identify and support struggling students and schools


Слайд 23
Текст слайда:




Align the resources with the challenges



Countering disadvantage without rewarding underperformance


Слайд 24
Текст слайда:


Spending per student from the age of 6 to 15 and mathematics performance in PISA 2012

Fig IV.1.8

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 25
Текст слайда:

Teacher shortage


Fig IV.3.5


Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 26
Текст слайда:




Align the resources with the challenges





Adjusted by per capita GDP



Countries with better performance in mathematics tend to allocate educational resources more equitably 

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 27
Текст слайда:




Adequate resources to address disadvantage



Disadvantaged schools reported more teacher shortage

Advantaged schools reported more teacher shortage



A shortage of qualified teachers is more of concern in disadvantaged schools


Слайд 28
Текст слайда:




Align the resources with the challenges



Incremental cost
Administrative discretion
Formula funding

Countering disadvantage without rewarding underperformance


Слайд 29
Текст слайда:

Adequacy of educational resources


Fig IV.3.8



Слайд 30
Текст слайда:

Educational resources are more problematic in disadvantaged schools


Advantaged and private schools reported better educational resources

Disadvantaged and public schools reported better educational resources


Fig IV.3.8


Слайд 31
Текст слайда:


Proportion of immigrant students in socio-economically disadvantaged and advantaged schools

Fig II.3.9


Percentage of immigrant students


Слайд 32
Текст слайда:




Reflect student demography among teachers



…it helps not just minority students but everyone to better appreciate diversity and other peoples’ cultures


Слайд 33
Текст слайда:





Prepare for work in disadvantaged schools


Preparation
Prepare teachers for work in disadvantage

Provide mentoring in disadvantage

Improve working conditions

Career and financial incentives

Reinforce initial teacher training including curriculum content for disadvantage
Strengthening diagnostic capacity
Include practical field experience

Both new and experienced teachers benefit
Pedagogical and relational strategies


Слайд 34
Текст слайда:





Attractive employment and careers


Careers
Effective employment conditions

Building careers around teaching in tough contexts

Professional development to address diversity

Educate the teacher educators

Attracting talent
Flexible employment
Enhance mobility
Transparency in teacher labour market


Слайд 35
Текст слайда:




Achieving equity in devolved school systems

The question is not how many charter schools you have but how you enable every teacher to assume charter-like autonomy


Слайд 36
Текст слайда:





Countries that grant schools autonomy over curricula and assessments tend to perform better in mathematics  

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 37
Текст слайда:

Schools with more autonomy perform better than schools with less autonomy in systems with standardised math policies

Score points

School autonomy for curriculum and assessment
x system's extent of implementing a standardised math policy (e.g. curriculum and instructional materials)


Fig IV.1.16

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 38
Текст слайда:

Schools with more autonomy perform better than schools with less autonomy in systems with more collaboration

Score points

School autonomy for resource allocation x System's level of teachers participating in school management
Across all participating countries and economies


Fig IV.1.17

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 39
Текст слайда:

Schools with more autonomy perform better than schools with less autonomy in systems with more accountability arrangements

Score points

School autonomy for curriculum and assessment
x system's level of posting achievement data publicly


Fig IV.1.16

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 40
Текст слайда:

Holistic approach to quality assurance and school improvement


Fig IV.4.14


Effective accountability
Aligned incentive structures
For students
How gateways affect the strength, direction, clarity and nature of the incentives operating on students at each stage of their education
Degree to which students have incentives to take tough courses and study hard
Opportunity costs for staying in school and performing well
For teachers
Make innovations in pedagogy and/or organisation
Improve their own performance and the performance of their colleagues
Pursue professional development opportunities that lead to stronger pedagogical practices
A balance between vertical and lateral accountability
Effective instruments to manage and share knowledge and spread innovation – communication within the system and with stakeholders around it
A capable centre with authority and legitimacy to act


Слайд 41
Текст слайда:




School choice - what parents value


Слайд 42
Текст слайда:

A school’s particular approach to teaching is not a determining factor when parents choose a school for their child

Percentage of parents who reported that a particular approach to pedagogy is a very important criterion when choosing a school for their child


Fig IV.4.5

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 43
Текст слайда:

Financial aid for school is a greater concern among disadvantaged parents

Percentage of parents who reported that the availability of financial aid, such as a school loan, scholarship or grant, is a very important criterion when choosing a school for their child


Fig IV.4.5

Privileged parents value financial assistance less

Disadvantaged parents value financial assistance more

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 44
Текст слайда:

Advantaged families tend to seek out schools whose students are high achievers

Percentage of parents who reported that students’ high academic achievement is a very important criterion in choosing a school for their child


Fig IV.4.5

Privileged parents care much more about high standards

While disadvantaged parents worry about other things more

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 45
Текст слайда:

Advantaged parents tend to seek out schools with an active and pleasant climate

Percentage of parents who reported that an active and pleasant climate is a very important criterion when choosing a school for their child


Fig IV.4.5

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 46
Текст слайда:

Parents everywhere look for a safe school environment for their child

Percentage of parents who reported that a safe school environment is a very important criterion in choosing a school for their child


Fig IV.4.5

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 47
Текст слайда:

Parents’ expectations for their child have a strong influence on students’ behaviour towards school


Fig III.6.11

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 48
Текст слайда:

Parents’ high expectations can nurture students’ enjoyment in learning mathematics


Fig III.6.11

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 49
Текст слайда:

Parents’ high expectations can foster perseverance in their child


Fig III.6.11

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 50
Текст слайда:


Difference in mathematics performance, by attendance at pre-primary school

Students who attended pre-primary
school perform better

Fig III.4.12

Invest early

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 51
Текст слайда:





Square school choice with equity


Financial incentives for schools

Assistance for disadvantaged parents

Controlled choice

Financial incentives

Inform parents

Foster collaboration among teachers and schools

Use student and school assessments

Provide support for teachers to exercise leadership in developing and improving professional practice
Help teachers to be heard and to influence policy making, including on the content and structure of the curriculum
Support teachers in setting the direction of their own professional development and in contributing to the professional development of their colleagues
Enhance the key role teachers play in building collaborative relationships with parents and the wider community
Promote the role of teachers in pupil assessment, teacher appraisal and school evaluation
Enable teachers to participate in activities that lead to the creation and transfer of professional knowledge.


Слайд 52
Текст слайда:




Inclusive learning environments



Creating learning environments that meet the needs of all children


Слайд 53
Текст слайда:




High expectations for all students


OECD average



Countries where students have stronger beliefs in their abilities perform better in mathematics

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 54
Текст слайда:




Disadvantaged students tend to skip school


Fig III.2.10


B

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 55
Текст слайда:

Countries with large proportions of truants perform worse in mathematics


Fig IV.1.22

B

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 56
Текст слайда:




A continuum of support for struggling students


Make learning central, encourage engagement and responsibility
Be acutely sensitive to individual differences
Provide continual assessment with formative feedback
Be demanding for every student
Ensure that students feel valued and included and learning is collaborative


Слайд 57
Текст слайда:




Supportive school climate


School climate
Focus on teacher-student and peer-relationships

Adequate and timely student support

Alternative organisation of instruction time

Positive management


Слайд 58
Текст слайда:




A data-rich school environment


National and school data
School-based strategies for analysis
Data for supporting learning


Слайд 59
Текст слайда:





Reduce tracking and grade repetition


Both vertical and horizontal stratification hurt equity


Слайд 60
Текст слайда:


Grade repetition sets the wrong incentives 

Fig IV.1.4

R2=0.05

Greater equity

Less equity

R2=0.07

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 61
Текст слайда:

Grade repetition is an expensive policy


Fig IV.1.5

Source: PISA 2012


Слайд 62
Текст слайда:




Reach out to communities


Use diverse communication channels

Ensure balanced communication

Reach out to disadvantaged parents

Clear guidelines on what is expected from parents


Слайд 63
Текст слайда:




Strengthen school leadership


Leadership preparation with specialised knowledge on disadvantage
Reinforce coaching and strengthen school networks
Attract great leaders to tough schools


Слайд 64
Текст слайда:




Systemic approach to restructuring schools



Context sensitivity
Targeted resources
Formal common planning time
Merit recognition for success
Firm action for persistent underperformance


Слайд 65
Текст слайда:




Thank you


Find out more about our work at www.oecd.org
All publications
The complete micro-level database

Email: Andreas.Schleicher@OECD.org
Twitter: SchleicherEDU

and remember:
Without data, you are just another person with an opinion


Обратная связь

Если не удалось найти и скачать презентацию, Вы можете заказать его на нашем сайте. Мы постараемся найти нужный Вам материал и отправим по электронной почте. Не стесняйтесь обращаться к нам, если у вас возникли вопросы или пожелания:

Email: Нажмите что бы посмотреть 

Что такое ThePresentation.ru?

Это сайт презентаций, докладов, проектов, шаблонов в формате PowerPoint. Мы помогаем школьникам, студентам, учителям, преподавателям хранить и обмениваться учебными материалами с другими пользователями.


Для правообладателей

Яндекс.Метрика