Презентация на тему Social philosophy. Philosophy of history

Презентация на тему Social philosophy. Philosophy of history, предмет презентации: Философия. Этот материал содержит 20 слайдов. Красочные слайды и илюстрации помогут Вам заинтересовать свою аудиторию. Для просмотра воспользуйтесь проигрывателем, если материал оказался полезным для Вас - поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте наш сайт презентаций ThePresentation.ru в закладки!

Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1
Текст слайда:

Social Philosophy Philosophy of History

by Spitsa N.V.


Слайд 2
Текст слайда:

Complexity in perception of society:

Permanent
Regular
Stable

for society can by find ?



Слайд 3
Текст слайда:

Social philosophy: main problems:

Society order
Society (general) – Individuality (single)
Freedom – Necessity
Matter – Spirit
Equality - Inequality
Justice – Injustice
Determine development – undetermined development



Слайд 4
Текст слайда:

Social atomism

only one aspiration of everyone is to be happy – individual happiness
Society must give us possibility to realize this aspiration



Слайд 5
Текст слайда:

Social Universalism

Society – strong and unique self-dependent reality
Exists because of itself


Слайд 6
Текст слайда:

Antiquity about society & personality: Plato

Harmony – basic principle
Authority of the leaders (philosophers must rule, because they can do this for justice; know what is good for the people; don’t think about their personal interest)


Слайд 7
Текст слайда:

Antiquity about society & personality: Aristotle

Man outside the society is only abstraction
Law - basic principle
Society – unity of the equal people with the same aim – to achieve better life


Слайд 8
Текст слайда:

Holism

Individualism (liberalism)

from ὅλος holos, a Greek word meaning all, whole, entire, total
social systems and their properties, should be viewed as integrity, not as collections of parts
Society as an organism
Single exists for general

"the moral worth of the individual“
human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation.
Society as system of relations between people
General exists for single



Слайд 9
Текст слайда:

Holism


Individualism (liberalism)

Sparta – hard administration

Athenian democracy – freedom limited by democratically laws



Слайд 10
Текст слайда:

John Locke (1632 –1704)

theory was founded on social contract theory
human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance
In a natural state all people were equal and independent, and everyone had a natural right to defend “Life, health, Liberty, or Possessions“
advocated governmental separation of powers and believed that revolution is not only a right but an obligation in some circumstances.
These ideas would come to have profound influence on the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States


Слайд 11
Текст слайда:

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 –1831)

All history of mankind is an unfolding of Absolute Reason
Everything real is reasonable, all reasonable is real
State is the aim of historical process
Absolute Reason Nature Society Philosophical understanding of history






Слайд 12
Текст слайда:

John Stuart Mill (1806 –1873)

On Liberty
the nature and limits of the power that can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual
it is alright for someone to harm themselves as long as they are not harming others
impassioned defense of free speech: free discourse is a necessary condition for intellectual and social progress.


Слайд 13
Текст слайда:


"social liberty" - protection from "the tyranny of political rulers." He introduced a number of different tyrannies, including social tyranny, and also the tyranny of the majority.


Слайд 14
Текст слайда:

Social justice


Can the world be possible without inequality?
Where are the measures?
What can be generally useful and morally defensible?
Past: division into social gropes according to religion, tradition, laws
Present: property (admissible)
race, sex (inadmissible)



Слайд 15
Текст слайда:

Freedom

Freedom from & freedom for
“Escape from Freedom” Erich Fromm
“freedom gives person feeling of weakness and anxiety”
Friedrich Engels:
“Freedom – understanding of objective laws and existing according to them; cognition of necessity”



Слайд 16
Текст слайда:

Linear & cyclical history conceptions


Слайд 17
Текст слайда:





Слайд 18
Текст слайда:

Civilization:
Childhood – barbarians

Youth – beginning of blossoming
Maturity – bloom, prosperity

Old age – dehumanization, bureaucratism, militarism, skepticism


Слайд 19
Текст слайда:

Modern world

“Hypertrophy of means (resources, tools) & atrophy of goals”

Consumer`s epoch


Слайд 20
Текст слайда:

BY NATALYA SPITSA


Thank you!


Обратная связь

Если не удалось найти и скачать презентацию, Вы можете заказать его на нашем сайте. Мы постараемся найти нужный Вам материал и отправим по электронной почте. Не стесняйтесь обращаться к нам, если у вас возникли вопросы или пожелания:

Email: Нажмите что бы посмотреть 

Что такое ThePresentation.ru?

Это сайт презентаций, докладов, проектов, шаблонов в формате PowerPoint. Мы помогаем школьникам, студентам, учителям, преподавателям хранить и обмениваться учебными материалами с другими пользователями.


Для правообладателей

Яндекс.Метрика