Презентация на тему Social philosophy. Philosophy of history

Презентация на тему Social philosophy. Philosophy of history, предмет презентации: Философия. Этот материал содержит 20 слайдов. Красочные слайды и илюстрации помогут Вам заинтересовать свою аудиторию. Для просмотра воспользуйтесь проигрывателем, если материал оказался полезным для Вас - поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте наш сайт презентаций ThePresentation.ru в закладки!

Слайды и текст этой презентации

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Social Philosophy Philosophy of History

by Spitsa N.V.

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Complexity in perception of society:


for society can by find ?

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Social philosophy: main problems:

Society order
Society (general) – Individuality (single)
Freedom – Necessity
Matter – Spirit
Equality - Inequality
Justice – Injustice
Determine development – undetermined development

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Social atomism

only one aspiration of everyone is to be happy – individual happiness
Society must give us possibility to realize this aspiration

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Social Universalism

Society – strong and unique self-dependent reality
Exists because of itself

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Antiquity about society & personality: Plato

Harmony – basic principle
Authority of the leaders (philosophers must rule, because they can do this for justice; know what is good for the people; don’t think about their personal interest)

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Antiquity about society & personality: Aristotle

Man outside the society is only abstraction
Law - basic principle
Society – unity of the equal people with the same aim – to achieve better life

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Individualism (liberalism)

from ὅλος holos, a Greek word meaning all, whole, entire, total
social systems and their properties, should be viewed as integrity, not as collections of parts
Society as an organism
Single exists for general

"the moral worth of the individual“
human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation.
Society as system of relations between people
General exists for single

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Individualism (liberalism)

Sparta – hard administration

Athenian democracy – freedom limited by democratically laws

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John Locke (1632 –1704)

theory was founded on social contract theory
human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance
In a natural state all people were equal and independent, and everyone had a natural right to defend “Life, health, Liberty, or Possessions“
advocated governmental separation of powers and believed that revolution is not only a right but an obligation in some circumstances.
These ideas would come to have profound influence on the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States

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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 –1831)

All history of mankind is an unfolding of Absolute Reason
Everything real is reasonable, all reasonable is real
State is the aim of historical process
Absolute Reason Nature Society Philosophical understanding of history

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John Stuart Mill (1806 –1873)

On Liberty
the nature and limits of the power that can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual
it is alright for someone to harm themselves as long as they are not harming others
impassioned defense of free speech: free discourse is a necessary condition for intellectual and social progress.

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"social liberty" - protection from "the tyranny of political rulers." He introduced a number of different tyrannies, including social tyranny, and also the tyranny of the majority.

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Social justice

Can the world be possible without inequality?
Where are the measures?
What can be generally useful and morally defensible?
Past: division into social gropes according to religion, tradition, laws
Present: property (admissible)
race, sex (inadmissible)

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Freedom from & freedom for
“Escape from Freedom” Erich Fromm
“freedom gives person feeling of weakness and anxiety”
Friedrich Engels:
“Freedom – understanding of objective laws and existing according to them; cognition of necessity”

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Linear & cyclical history conceptions

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Childhood – barbarians

Youth – beginning of blossoming
Maturity – bloom, prosperity

Old age – dehumanization, bureaucratism, militarism, skepticism

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Modern world

“Hypertrophy of means (resources, tools) & atrophy of goals”

Consumer`s epoch

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Thank you!

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