Презентация на тему Word Building (word formation)

Презентация на тему Презентация на тему Word Building (word formation), предмет презентации: Английский язык. Этот материал содержит 9 слайдов. Красочные слайды и илюстрации помогут Вам заинтересовать свою аудиторию. Для просмотра воспользуйтесь проигрывателем, если материал оказался полезным для Вас - поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте наш сайт презентаций ThePresentation.ru в закладки!

Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1
Word Building  (word formation) 1. Affixation as a basic means
Текст слайда:

Word Building (word formation)

1. Affixation as a basic means of forming words.
2. Composition.
3. Conversion.
4. Shortening.
5. Other ways of word formation.


Слайд 2
Scientists usually distinguish: affixation, composition, conversion, abbreviation (shortening, clipping, acronymy), back
Текст слайда:

Scientists usually distinguish:

affixation,
composition,
conversion,
abbreviation (shortening, clipping, acronymy),
back formation (disaffixation),
sound interchange and distinctive change,
onomatopoeia (sound imitation).


Слайд 3
Affixation (the addition of an affix) is a basic means of
Текст слайда:

Affixation (the addition of an affix)

is a basic means of forming words in E.

A prefix is an affix attached to the front of its base.
A suffix is an affix attached to the end of its base.
An infix is a type of affix that occurs within a base of a word to express such notions as tense, number, or gender٭.


Слайд 4
Affixation = suffixation + prefixation In Modern English, suffixation is characteristic
Текст слайда:

Affixation = suffixation + prefixation

In Modern English, suffixation is characteristic of noun and adjective formation, while prefixation is typical of verb formation.
Prefixes modify the lexical meaning of stems to which they are added:
usual – unusual; fit – misfit.
Suffixes don’t only modify the lexical meaning of the stem, but the word itself is usually transferred to another part of speech:
care (n) – careless (adj).


Слайд 5
Suffixes and prefixes may be classified along different lines. The logical
Текст слайда:

Suffixes and prefixes may be classified along different lines.

The logical classification of suffixes is according to their origin, meaning, part of speech they form, productivity.
Prefixes can be classified according to their meaning and origin.


Слайд 6
Suffixes (a) their origin: Romanic (-age, -ment, -tion), Native (-er, dom,
Текст слайда:

Suffixes

(a) their origin: Romanic (-age, -ment, -tion), Native (-er, dom, -ship), Greek (-ism, -ize), etc.;
(b) meaning: -er (the agent of the action), -ess (feminine gender), -ence/ance (abstract meaning), -ie and -let (diminutiveness), -age, -dom (collectivity), -an, -ese, -ian (appurtenance), etc.;
(c) part of speech they form: noun suffixes -er, -ness, -ment; adjective-forming suffixes -ish, -ful, -less, -y; verb-suffixes -en, -fy, etc.;
(d) productivity – productive suffixes are -er, -ly, -ness, -ie, -let, non-productive (-dom, -th) and semi-productive (-eer, -ward).


Слайд 7
Prefixes negative (unpack, non-formal, inseparable);denoting repetition or reversative action (decolonize, rewrite,
Текст слайда:

Prefixes

negative (unpack, non-formal, inseparable);
denoting repetition or reversative action (decolonize, rewrite, disconnect, undo);
denoting time (pre-election), space (interethnic) and degree relations (overwork) or
Germanic (underestimate);
Romanic (ex-wife);
Greek (hypertext).


Слайд 8
Some linguists distinguish between suffixes and semi-suffixes such as -man (postman);
Текст слайда:

Some linguists distinguish between suffixes and semi-suffixes such as -man (postman); -burger (fish-burger); -aholic (workaholic) – either affixed words or compound words.
Some prefixes are treated as root morphemes because they are met as words: afternoon – after school; overhead – over the wall. American lexicographers treat such words as compound words, while British lexicographers regard them as affixed words. There are also semi-prefixes such as -mini (mini-plane); -maxi (maxi-taxi); -aero (aerospace); -eco (eco menu), etc.


Слайд 9
The main function of prefixes in English is to change the
Текст слайда:

The main function of prefixes in English is to change the lexical meaning of the same part of speech. However, in ME there are prefixes that form one part of speech from another:
danger (n) → endanger (v),
head (n) → behead (v),
sleep (v) → asleep (stative).
AFFIXATION is a way of word formation consisting in adding an affix to the stem of a word: sixteen, friendship, unkindly, heartless, ex-husband, etc.


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